BLACK YOUTH AT RISK... (BOOK)
'Black Youth at Risk' covers the challenges faced by young males of African Descent from Juvenile Delinquency to Criminal Gang Activity. It addresses institutionalized racism in the education system, the psychological damage done to black children through the learning curriculum, the allure of gangs, guns and violent cultures, how the law and justice fails young black men, police extrajudicial killings, father absenteeism, the school to prison pipeline, dehumanization, demasculinization, modern day slavery in the jail system, the impact and depths of white collar crime, big fish criminal business corruption, the drug trade, human trafficking, murder and kidnapping and how they affect the black community. This book of 15 chapters with over 200 references features the quantitative and qualitative PhD research done by Dr. Muhammad over a 17 year period among gangs, inmates in our nation’s prisons, in primary and secondary schools, orphan homes and with street children. This work spanned over 20 cities in 12 countries and confronts previously uncovered perspectives that are essential to be explored. The problem of recidivism and a history of prison riots and rebellions are all major features of this book also as it looks deeply into the crime, deviance and delinquency causal factors of broken homes, dysfunctional families, faulty parenting, father absenteeism, neglect, abandonment, abuse, poverty, unemployment, social stratification, cultural deprivation, lack of self-motivation, gangs, negative peer pressure, learning disorders and educational under-achievement. Finally, it explores recommendations and solutions from corporal punishment to capital punishment, government sponsored investment drives in so-called depressed areas, inspiration driven school transformations, the teaching of Black History, mentorship intervention strategies, youth academies, positive black male role models, addressing masculinities and penal system reform are all discussed.